Do you want to start a food processing business? If YES, here are best food processing business ideas & opportunities you can start with .
Humans have evolved to such a time when they are no longer able to consume all they have cultivated. This is due in part to the effective use of technology in farming. The food surplus that resulted from these robust farm practices need to be preserved, and this was what gave rise to food processing.
Food is usually processed to ensure proper preservation, and as well to derive other useful food products from them. Food processing mostly involves; mincing and macerating, liquefaction, emulsification, cooking (such as boiling, broiling, frying, or grilling); pickling, pasteurization, and many other kinds of preservation; and canning or other packaging of food.
With this industry growing bigger, now is the ideal time to invest. If you want to start a food processing business, here are 50 ideas that can help you pick out the best fit for you.
Mushrooms are one of the very healthy foods in the world today. They are a type of fast growing basidiomycetous fungi which produces fleshy bodies. They are rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, so they are very much rich in energy.
The world boasts of about 100 species of edible mushrooms, but just a few are indigenous to each country. Fresh mushrooms have very limited life, as they can decay in hours, so they need to be consumed almost immediately after harvest; but processing and canning increase their shelf life to more than a few months.
Osmotic dehydration is one of the important methods of processing mushroom which involves drying the mushrooms. This is a very profitable food processing business, but note that you have to be able to cultivate the mushrooms on your own to be able to maximize profits.
Onions are one other food product or spice that can be processed. Onion is an important vegetable crop that is grown different parts of the world and forms part of the daily diet in almost all households throughout the year. Onions, by their nature are perishable food products and cannot be stored for a long time after harvest in ordinary conditions, and as such they are usually processed into various forms to increase their shelf life.
Onions are usually dehydrated and made into onion powder to be used in soups and sauces. If you live in a region that allows for the effective growth of onions, you can start an onions processing business.
3.Dehydration and canning of fruits and vegetables
Most of the fruits and vegetables produced all over the world are consumed in the fresh form, but with the increasing urbanization and continuous effort to provide a regular supply of acceptable and desirable food, the world is producing more food than it can consume.
One of the oldest methods of food preservation is by drying, which reduces water activity sufficiently to prevent or delay bacterial growth. Drying also reduces weight, making food more portable. It is also worthy of note that canned foods still retain their nutritional contents.
Certain products like green peas, cauliflower, carrots, spinach etc. command good prices during lean and off season. Dehydration of fruits and vegetable is a good business for one who lives in a farming community.
4.Fruit Juice processing and packaging
Making fruits into juices and pulp is one way to preserve fruits that typically have very short shelf life. Fruit juices are usually packaged in Aseptic Packaging, making them have longer shelf life. Fruit juices are used in homes, canteens, hotels, restaurants and also in weddings, birthday parties and all types of celebrations. It should be noted that juices are not the only things that can be gotten from fruits. Fruits of various kinds can be dried or made into purees, example banana purees that are used to make baby food.
Garlic is one of the most medically viable spices in the world today. Because of its medicinal properties, people consume them quite a lot. It is also used in flavouring of many food products and in ayurvedic medicines. Garlic can be processed into various usable forms like garlic powder, dehydrated garlic, garlic drink etc. You can start a small scale garlic processing company and focus on exporting your products.
6.Jam and jelly production
Jelly is a clear, bright mixture made from fruit, sugar and sometimes pectin. Jam is produced by taking mashed or chopped fruit or vegetable pulp and boiling it with sugar and water. When the mixture reaches a temperature of 104 °C (219 °F), the acid and the pectin in the fruit react with the sugar, and the jam is left to cool down and set. Jelly and jam is used as bread spread and as a filling for some cakes and cookies. Jam production business does not require much capital to start, and you can equally start it from home.
Tomatoes are one fruit that is popular world over. They are low in calories and a good source of vitamin C and antioxidants. With their rich flavor and mild acidity, tomatoes have worked their way into thousands of recipes. Because tomatoes do not stay very long in their fresh state, so they are usually processed after harvest to avoid major losses. Tomato Paste or tomato concentrate is the main product of processed tomatoes, and even the most popular for households. Tomatoes can also be canned, made into juice, puree, paste, ketchup and sauces, etc.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid water, and other trace chemicals, which may include flavorings. The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Today, vinegar is mainly used as a cooking ingredient, and for pickling. It is also used in cleaning, washing hair, preserving food, detox and improving skin function. But note that you have to have sound technical knowledge before you can embark on vinegar production.
Honey Processing Bees collect nectar which they convert into honey and store as a food source. Honey processing is concerned with liquefying and filtering of the raw honey. Four major byproducts of the honey-making process include beeswax, pollen, royal jelly, and propolis.
Beeswax is produced in the bee’s body as the nectar is transforming into honey. The Production process is simple and can be initiated on a small scale and home based basis. With the growing awareness of the nutritional and medicinal properties of honey, one can make good profits out of this business in the long run.
Pickles are cucumbers preserved in a solution of vinegar, salt, and other flavorings. They are typically fermented with naturally-occurring bacteria prior to vinegar preservation. Pickles are a very popular food and snack, with over 5 million lb (2.27 million kg) consumed daily. You can start processing and canning pickles for sale. This business can be comfortably done on a small scale with few restrictions, as well as on a large scale for export.
A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Spice processing and sale is one of the most profitable food processing businesses that can be initiated in a small and medium scale.
Some of the most popular spices are meat spice, curry powder, chat spice, cumin, turmeric etc. With changing lifestyle and food habits and the increase in disposable income, the use of powdered spices has increased, making this business a profitable one.
13.Wheat flour processing
Flour is a powdered substance that is made by grinding raw grains or roots, and it used to make many different foods. With an annual harvest of approximately 740 million tons, wheat is one of the most important grains in the world today.
This statistics shows that wheat flour milling is still a very profitable business. In order to produce high-quality finished products, an optimized milling process is essential. The production process is fairly simple and this business can be initiated on a small scale basis with simple machinery.
Potatoes are one of the oldest foods and belong to the group of tuberous plants.potatoes have been one of the most cultivated and most consumed root tubers.
Potatoes can be processed into potato chips, wafers, potato granules, potato wine, alcohol, vodka, sticks, French fries, frozen potato products, potato starch, potato powder, flakes, pellets and liquid glucose projects. The root can also be used to feed cattle, pigs, and chickens. This business can be a bit capital intensive because you need to procure industry equipment, and you need to acquire the necessary government permits.
The soybean or soya bean is a species of legume that is widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses. Just like rice, for soya bean to be utilized, it has to be processed first. Soybean can be processed in to different products like; soya nuts, soya milk, tofu, texturized soya protein, soya bean oil and other non-food based products etc.
Soybeans have a wealth of benefits, including their ability to improve the metabolism, help in healthy weight gain, protect heart health, defend against cancer, and reduce the effects of menopause, improve digestion, promote bone health, protect against birth defects, increase circulation etc.
16.Open a bakery
Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour, yeast, sugar, salt and water, usually by baking. Bread flour is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented and baked to form bread. Bread is now becoming one of the most essential food items in human diet due to its ready-made availability and high nutritive value.
17.Open a biscuit factory
Biscuit is a term used for a variety of primarily flour-based baked food products that are mostly eaten as snacks. The main ingredients for biscuit making are flours, sugars and fats. Starting a biscuit factory may not be capital intensive but it depends on how you want to start. Biscuits are relished by a lot of people so you would not lack market for your product especially if you produce locally and your products are always fresh.
Pasta is a staple food of traditional Italian origin, but its popularity has spread across the world. Pasta is typically made from unleavened dough of durum wheat flour mixed with water or eggs and formed into sheets or various shapes, then cooked by boiling or baking. Pasta processing is a beneficial food processing idea because pasta is acceptable in all countries. As an alternative, one can choose to produce gluten free pasta by using rice flour.